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Robin
Robin6
Information
Real name: Richard Grayson
AKA: Robin
The Boy Wonder
The Teen Wonder
Red Robin
Nightwing
Species: Human
Homeworld: Earth
Universe: Earth-1A
Hair: Black
Relatives: John Grayson (father)
Mary Grayson (mother)
Bruce Wayne (foster father)
Mar'i Grayson (daughter)
Base: Hall of Justice
Affiliations: SuperFriends
Batman Family
Teen Titans[1]
Weaponry: Utility Belt
has a wide range of devices
Voiced/Played: Casey Kasem[2]
Arturo Mercado[3]
Burt Ward[4]
Aldo Stella[5]
Dick Grayson Gallery

Junior SuperFriends Team Member

Teen Titans Team Member

Dick

Dick Grayson

Robin7

Season 9 Appearance.

Batman&Robin

The Dynamic Duo!

Dick Grayson was the young ward to Bruce Wayne, aka the Batman. Bound together by the tragedy they share, Bruce Wayne and Dick Grayson's lives are distinctly similar. He was born to John and Mary Grayson, skilled acrobats who worked at Haly's Circus until they were murdered in the middle of their act. He joins up with the Batman to fight crime. As he grew older, graduated from high school, worked with the Teen Titans and enrolled in Hudson University.


Background InformationEdit

In the parallel-universe of Earth-One, Dick Grayson was the youngest of a family act called the "Flying Graysons". They were part of traveling carnival called Haly's Circus. On one evening when Dick just 10 they were performing in Newton, a small community outside of Gotham City, when a gangster named Boss Zucco who was trying to exhort money from Mr. Haly killed Grayson's parents, John and Mary, by sabotaging their trapeze equipment as a warning against his defiance.[6] Bruce Wayne was in attendance that fateful evening, and took pity on the boy. He decides to disguise himself as the Batman and to explain to the boy that he lost his parents at a young age too. The boy is eager to take revenge so Batman takes him to his Batcave. While there, he walks through an ‘oath’ with the boy who promises to fight crime. He then (inexplicably) confides in the boy by removing his cowl, thus revealing his identity. The next day Bruce takes the boy to the courthouse to adopt the boy, but because he is a bachelor he can only become the boy’s legal guardian with family approval. He does so, and immediately begins to train the boy, gives him a costume and within a short time they are able to bring down Zucco and his gang.[7]

Together they shared adventures with allies including Batwoman, secretly heiress and former circus performer Kathy Kane;[8] Bat-Girl (Kathy's niece, Betty Kane);[9] and Batgirl, who was secretly Commissioner Gordon's daughter Barbara.[10] For several years, they also had an ardent — if frequently obnoxious — supporter in the form of Bat-Mite, an other-dimensional imp with seemingly limitless magical powers.[11]

Teen TitansEdit

As an early teen and "junior Justice Leaguer", Robin is joined by two other sidekicks (Aqualad and Kid Flash) to stop the menace of Mr. Twister in the small town of Hatton Corners.[12] Later, the three sidekicks join forces with Speedy and Wonder Girl in order to free their mentors in the JLA from the mind-control of an alien energy-being called the Antithesis. They defeat this foe and together the five teens decide to become a real team, calling themselves the Teen Titans.[13] Robin, by virtue of the tactical skills gleaned from Batman, is swiftly recognized as leader.[14] Bruce even allowed them access to the empty silo. The teens used it as their first secret headquarters – the Titans Lair. The Titans Lair was located in a cave outside of Gotham City. The team expands over the next few years and they meet Mr. Jupiter (friend of Bruce Wayne and millionaire industrialist), who sets them up with a training facility and resources.[15]

Robin's ‘full-time’ stint with the Teen Titans ended dramatically after the Titans were involved in the accidental shooting and subsequent death of world-famous philanthropist, Dr. Arthur Swenson at peace rally. In response to this tragedy, the team searched meaning. During this time, the team was offered the opportunity to engage in a training program with Mr. Jupiter, Dick declined and left the Titans to attend Hudson University.[16]

This however, did not prevent him from showing up on occasion to help his fellow Titans. On one notable occasion, he aided in the expansion of the team to include Teen Titans West.[17] According to Earth-1A continuity, while on hiatus from an active role with the Titans, Dick took on a leadership role with the SuperFriends when Snapper Carr gave up his duties as a Junior SuperFriends Member.

Robin also participated in the formation of the Justice League,[18] helped take down Earth-Two villain, Solomon Grundy in a cross-universe adventure with his doppelganger from Earth-Two. The older Grayson gives a war-torn younger Dick his old grey uniform, which may have played a part in the inspiration for his later adventures.[19]

NightwingEdit

On the parallel-universe of Earth-One, Dick Grayson decides that in order to discover who he is and his place in the world, he must leave Batman’s side. He retires as 'Robin, the Boy Wonder' and leaves college prematurely (as opposed to his Earth-Two counterpart) taking on his own superhero identity to assert his independence, becoming Nightwing.[20] It’s entirely possible that Dick received inspiration from Superman who once used ‘Nightwing’ as an alias on a mission to the shrunken Kryptonian city of Kandor. The irony would be that Superman received his inspiration from Batman and Robin.[21]

NOTE: According to Earth-1A continuity, he will remain a Junior SuperFriends Member for at least the next fifteen years. Thus, the Earth-1A Robin seems to follow his Earth-Two counterpart in his career as 'Robin, the Boy Wonder.' According to Earth-One continuity, when Dick is somewhere in his late teens or early 20yrs., he loses interest in his studies and starts to take on solo missions, finding himself to be a capable crime-fighter and moves out of the shadow of his mentor. This "parting" between Dick and Batman is entirely amicable. Dick passes the mantle of Robin over to Jason Todd voluntarily. Bruce is pleased with his ward's coming of age. In the post-crisis continuity, Dick Grayson gives up his identity as Robin (having been "fired" by Batman) and is inspired by the legend of an ancient Kandorian superhero named Van-Zee, who had also used the name "Nightwing" for his superhero persona. This tale retroactively erases the notion that anyone else before Grayson held the title of Nightwing.


AbilitiesEdit


EquipmentEdit

  • Various Bat-Gadgets: Various small hand held devices usually carried in his utility belt and assembled into his costume directly, such as a cape that allowed him to glide vast distances.


TransportationEdit

  • Grappling Hooks: swinging under own power in locale areas
  • Various Vehicles:


Robin's popular catchphraseEdit

Please note that Robin doesn't include "Batman" in his every catchphrase of this type. Most Superfriends episodes have two or more "Holy" phrases. This lines can be and usually are very cheesy.

  • "Holy lifelines, Batman!"
  • "Holy headlines, Batman!"
  • "Holy wild animals"
  • "Holy mysteries, Batman!"
  • "Holy silent butlers!"
  • "Holy microbes!"
  • "Holy penmenship!"
  • "Holy monster makers!"


SuperFriends Team MembersEdit

Members of the Justice League of America

Aquaman (founding JLA member) • Batman (founding JLA member) • Flash (founding JLA member)
Green Lantern (founding JLA member) • Martian Manhunter (founding JLA member) • Wonder Woman (founding JLA member)

Comic Book JLA Team Members:
Black CanaryElongated ManRed TornadoZatanna Zatara
Phantom Stranger (part-time Leaguer) • Sargon, The Sorcerer (honorary Leaguer)

Other Known Justice Leaguers:
The HuntressBlack OrchidCaptain MarvelSupergirlGreen FuryPlastic ManAtomGreen Arrow

SuperFriends Founding Members:
SupermanBatmanWonder WomanAquaman
HawkmanSamuraiGreen LanternFlashBlack Vulcan

Other Known SuperFriends Members:
HawkgirlApache ChiefEl DoradoRima

Junior SuperFriends:
RobinCyborgFirestorm
ZanJayna
Marvin WhiteWendy Harris

Mascots:
GleekWonder Dog


AppearancesEdit


NotesEdit


TriviaEdit

  • The character was originally created to serve as a junior counterpart to the superhero Batman.
  • He was conceived as a vehicle to attract young readership. In fact, Robin garnered overwhelmingly positive critical reception, doubling the sales of the Batman related comic books.[25]


External LinksEdit


ReferencesEdit

  1. As confirmed by E. Nelson Bridwell in the pages of the SuperFriends Comic Book, issue #1.
  2. Casey Kasem provided the voice of Robin in The Adventures of Batman, and for the entire Super Friends series, and he also reprises the role on commercials for Cartoon Network.
  3. Arturo Mercado provided the voice of Robin for the Spanish dub of the Super Friends series.
  4. Burt Ward played Robin in live-action, in both Batman and in Legends of the Superheroes, and he also played the role in animation in The New Adventures of Batman.
  5. Aldo Stella provided the voice of Robin on the Italian dub of the Super Friends.
  6. This aspect of Robin’s origin is briefly referenced in the Season 1 1973 episode: The Planet-Splitter.
  7. E. Nelson Bridwell, in Batman, #213 (July-August 1969), re-writes the original origin story depicted in Detective Comics, #38 (April 1940) while adding some new details. The Earth-One / Silver-age version is also recounted in Detective Comics #484/4 (June-July 1979); and briefly in a flashback in Untold Legend of the Batman, #2 (August 1980).
  8. As revealed in Detective Comics, #233 (July 1956).
  9. As revealed in Batman, #139/3 (April 1961).
  10. As revealed in Detective Comics, #359 (January 1967).
  11. As revealed in Detective Comics, #267 (May 1959). Bat-Mite was also a regular featured character on The New Adventures of Batman which aired on CBS in the Spring of 1977.
  12. As revealed in Brave and the Bold, Vol. 1 #54 (July, 1964).
  13. E. Nelson Bridwell established Robin's Titan status as Earth-1A continuity in the pages of the SF Comic Book, issue #1.
  14. As revealed in Teen Titans, Vol. 1 #53 (February, 1978).
  15. These adventures are recounted in The Brave and the Bold, #54 (July 1964) and then in the first official Teen Titan appearance under the name "Teen Titans" in Brave and the Bold, Vol. 1 #60 (July, 1965). After being featured in Showcase, #59 (December 1965), the Teen Titans were spun off into their own series with Teen Titans, Vol. 1 #1 (February, 1966) by Haney and artist Nick Cardy. The series was canceled with #43 (January–February 1973). The series resumed with issue #44 (November 1976).
  16. As revealed in Teen Titans, Vol. 1 #25 (February, 1970). This is also referenced in the SuperFriends comic book, issue #??.[?]
  17. As revealed in Teen Titans, Vol. 1 #50-53 (1977-78).
  18. As revealed in Adventure Comics, #256 (January, 1959); Justice League of America, #144 (July, 1977) and Justice League of America, #9 (February, 1962).
  19. As revealed in Justice League of America, #92 (September 1971).
  20. During the early stages of production for The New Teen Titans animated series that was canceled, they wanted to have Dick Grayson be Nightwing in the show. But since he was already a regular on the SuperFriends animated series there was a decision not to use him. The show was never produced, but we do have an television commercial from Keebler from the early days of the original concept.
  21. As depicted in Superman, #158 (January 1963).
  22. Go to DC Database for more on Detective Comics, Vol. 1 #38 published in April 1940.
  23. As depicted in the Season 3 episode, History of Doom.
  24. As revealed in the Season 8, episode: The Case of the Shrinking Superfriends
  25. Daniels, Les (2004). Batman: The Complete History. Chronicle Books. pp. 37. ISBN 0811842320.