The Justice Society of America
JSA (Issue 3)
Official Name
Justice Society
Flash (original chairman)
Green Lantern (second chairman)
Hawkman (third chairman)
Secret Hotel Room, Capitol City
Combating Crime
First Appearance
All-Star Comics, Vol. 1 #3
(December, 1940)

In the parallel universe of Earth-Two (Earth-2A in the SuperFriends Universe), the Justice Society of America (JSA) are the premier protectors of the universe.

Background Information

In the parallel-universe of Earth-2A, by early 1941 (an earlier year than its (Earth-1A counterpart) the Justice Society of America had established themselves at a secret hotel room located in Capitol City. Initially, the team was not directly involved in the war against the Axis threat, but they continued to serve the cause by routing out Nazi agents at home, frequently collaborating with the FBI.[1] They also fought various non-powered crime figures and scientist.

By mid 1941, the JSA roster began to change and evolve. The Flash stepped down as team chairman, preferring instead an honorary position with the team.[2] Johnny Thunder was officially inducted into the ranks, followed shortly by Doctor Mid-Nite and Starman.[3]

In November of 1940, German Chancellor Adolf Hitler acquired a powerful mystic weapon known as the Spear of Destiny.[4] With it, he intended on manipulating its power to dominate all of Europe.[5]

Meanwhile, the sorcerer known as Doctor Fate discovered that Hitler was in possession of the Spear of Destiny. He knew that such a weapon in the hands of a tyrant could only spell destruction for the entire world. Perceiving an imminent Nazi invasion of England, Doctor Fate enlisted the aid of the so-called Mystery Men including, the Atom, Hawkman, Hourman and the Spectre. Fate's magic teleported the heroes to the White Cliffs of Dover where they assisted the British soldiers in fighting off the Nazi hordes. The Spectre single-handedly demolished a fleet of Nazi warships. A British officer named Smythe had also learned of Hitler's plans and informed American president, Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Roosevelt, pressured by Congress to maintain an isolationist stance, refused to openly involve the United States in England's war with Germany. However, he knew action must be taken. He selected two "Mystery Men" of his own from a top-secret dossier to use as civilian agents against Hitler's forces – the Flash and the Green Lantern.

Not long after the formation of the Justice League in the parallel-universe of Earth-1A,[6] the Justice Society would team up on certain ‘cross-universe’ missions. It is believed to have started when Barry Allen, who was the Justice League's Flash, first met his Justice Society counterpart Jay Garrick, though the exact circumstances of this encounter are unknown.[7]

In 1951, after a lengthy hearing, the committee members demanded that the JSA members reveal their secret identities to the general public or be accused of communism. The Spectre vehemently argued on behalf of his colleagues, citing that without their secret identities, they would become targets for enemy agents across the globe. Unwilling to reveal their true faces, the Justice Society instead elected to disband. Despite this, Superman, Wonder Woman, Batman and Robin remained active fighting-crime and protecting the innocent wherever needed. Because of this, the public never lost faith in their heroes.[8]

A few years later the team returned to the public eye (they never stopped operating in the shadows) to uncover the reason behind a series of geological disasters that threatened to destroy the entire world. While working together, the Flash and Wildcat are aided by three younger heroes: Robin (Richard Grayson), the Star-Spangled Kid (Sylvester Pemberton), and a new hero named Power Girl (Kara Zor-L). At Power Girl's suggestion, these heroes became an auxiliary detachment of the JSA called the Super Squad.[9]

The JSA (JLA 195)

The JSA line-up.
Justice League of America, #195 (Oct. 1981).

Known Earth-2A Members


SuperFriends Comic Book:


  • The Justice Society of America first appeared in All Star Comics, #3 (Winter 1940–1941), making it the first team of superheroes in comic books.
  • The JSA was conceived by editor Sheldon Mayer and writer Gardner Fox.
  • The team was initially popular, but in the late 1940s, the popularity of superhero comics waned, and the JSA's adventures ceased with All Star Comics, #57 (March 1951).
  • JSA members remained absent from comics until ten years later, when the original Flash appeared alongside a new character by that name in The Flash, #123 (September 1961).
  • During the early part of the Silver Age of Comic Books (late 50's), DC Comics having already reinvented several Justice Society members (the Flash, Green Lantern, etc.) went to industry veteran, and former Justice Society writer, Gardner Fox to create a 'new' version of the Justice Society. Editor Julius Schwartz, influenced by the popularity of Major League Baseball's National League and American League, decided to change the name of the team from Justice Society to Justice League.[10] And so, the Justice Society was established as existing on "Earth-Two" and the Justice League on "Earth-One". This allowed for annual cross-dimensional team-ups of the teams between 1963 and 1985.
  • The 1985 Crisis on Infinite Earths limited series merged all of the company's various alternate realities into one, placing the JSA as World War II-era predecessors to the company's modern characters.

External Links


  1. As revealed in All-Star Comics, #3 - #4 (1940-41)
  2. As revealed in All-Star Comics, #6 (August, 1941).
  3. As revealed in All-Star Comics, #6 - #8 (Aug. – Dec. 1941).
  4. According to folklore, this is the spear that was used to pierce the side of Christ. It has had many different owners throughout the centuries.
  5. As revealed in DC Special, Vol. 7 #29 (September, 1977).
  6. This continuity/timeline would deviate from the Silver Age timeline. It is explained this way for simplicity.
  7. In Pre-Crisis history, Barry Allen who was of Earth-One encountered Jay Garrick of Earth-Two through accidental inter-dimensional travel in The Flash, #123 (September, 1961).
  8. As revealed in Adventure Comics, #466 (December, 1979).
  9. As revealed All-Star Comics, #58 (February, 1976).
  10. Eury, Michael (2005). The Justice League Companion. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 10. ISBN 1-893905-48-9.