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SuperFriends Comic Book Character
Martian Manhunter
Martian Manhunter 3 (Limited Collector's Edition)
Information
Real name: J'onn J'onzz
AKA: John Jones
Species: Green Martian
Homeworld: Mars
Universe: Earth-One
Earth-1A
Hair: none
Eyes: red
Base: Middleton, Colorado
JLA Watchtower
Affiliations: Justice League
Voiced/Played:  ???[1]

Justice League of America Team Member

Det. John Jones (JLA 144)

Detective John Jones
Image from Justice League of America, #144 (July, 1977)

Transforming (Detective Comics 287)

Transforming
Image from Detective Comics, #287 (January, 1961)

J'onn J'onzz is a green-skinned extraterrestrial humanoid from the planet Mars, who worked as a detective in Middleton under the persona of "John Jones". He is a charter member of the Justice League of America.


Background Information

In the parallel universe, known as Earth-One, the year is 1955 and Professor Mark Erdel (world-famous scientist) is working on a communication device, with the hope of making contact with extraterrestrial life in his lab.[2] Upon its first use, he realizes that he had inadvertently created a teleportation beam. Amazingly, this device pulls J'onn J'onzz to Earth in his Martian form. The shock of the encounter kills Prof. Erdel and leaves J'onn with no method of returning home.[3]

Since the Manhunter (type of law enforcer) from Mars is now on Earth, J'onn J'onzz, decides to use his shapeshifting power to appear human. He then assumes the identity of John Jones and secures a job as a Middleton (a city in the state of Colorado) police detective. All the while, he hopes that Martian technology will advance to a stage that will enable his rescue.[4] Not quite a year later, J'onn J'onzz is able to briefly make contact with his home planet Mars and his parents.[5]

Over the next few years, he had realized that working in the shadows and exacting justice as police detective John Jones was the right course of action,[6] as people everywhere feared an alien invasion. Everything went along smoothly in his hidden persona, until the evening of February 11, 1959.[7] That night everything changed. A panic is generated by the revelation of the presence of Martians on Earth. The invaders had come to earth in search of earth’s newest arrival, the Martian Manhunter. Commander Blanx, and a small squadron of White Martians have been scouring the universe looking for the Manhunter. The Manhunter confronted Blanx, and the White Martians. Their conflict was interrupted by Barry Allen a young and inexperienced Flash. He and the Manhunter partner up, but realize that the civilians, upon seeing the aliens began to panic. The Flash decides to seek help from other well-known heroes. He is able to gain the help of Superman, Batman, Robin and several other heroes. After their success, they decided to keep the alien invasion and the following skirmish a secret, hidden away from the public eye, by not releasing a public statement to the news outlets -– so as not to cause a panic.[8]

Later that year, J'onn reveals his existence as an alien to the world, by openly fighting crime in a green-skinned form.[9]

A few years later (late 1968 in the Earth-1A universe), earth’s mightiest heroes (the Flash, Wonder Woman, Superman, Batman, Aquaman, Martian Manhunter and the Green Lantern) are called together again to stop the invading Appellaxians. The assembling resulted in the formation of Justice League of America![10]

By 1964, Detective John Jones is presumed dead, killed in action by the Idol Head of Diabolu, an artifact which generates supernatural monsters. And so, J'onzz decides to abandon his the civilian identity.[11]

J'onn would serve as a regular member of the Justice League of America over the next several years. On one occasion, a group of evil Martians led by (the now) General Blanx, destroyed the surface of Mars, forcing all the good Martians to leave and colonize another planet. The Manhunter is able to arrive in time to defeat and kill General Blanx. With his homeworld destroyed, J'onn decides to accompany the survivors into deep space to find a new home and bids farewell to his friends in the Justice League.[12]

Manhunter and Snapper

The Manhunter and Snapper Carr as wax figures in the Hall of Justice.

A few years later (on the parallel universe, known as Earth-1A), young Jr. SuperFriend Marvin is on tour of the Hall of Justice. As they walk through the wax figures, Superman points out the figure of the Manhunter and says that "J'onn J'onzz, Manhunter from Mars, left (Earth) when Mars became desolate and his people went to search for a new world."[13]

Over the next few years J'onn was rarely seen, but he occasionally showed up to help the JLA. The JLA even showed up on ‘New Mars’ occasionally to help J’onn out.[14] Eventually he returned to the JLA full-time.[15]


Powers and Abilities

Martian Manhunter

Manhunter from
Battle At The Earth's Core.

Martian Manhunter 4 (Limited Collector's Edition)
Martian Manhunter 5 (Limited Collector's Edition)

Powers


Weaknesses

  • Psychic Pyrophobia: An unusual and unexplained fear of fire.


Appearances

Earth-One Appearance:

  • Justice League of America, Vol. 1 #61 (March 1968)[35]


Earth-1A Appearance:


Justice League Team Members

Members of the Justice League of America

Aquaman (founding member) • Batman (founding member) • Superman (founding member) • Flash (founding member)
Green Lantern (founding member) • Martian Manhunter (founding member) • Wonder Woman (founding member)

Comic Book JLA Team Members:
Black CanaryElongated ManRed TornadoZatanna Zatara
Phantom Stranger (part-time Leaguer) • Sargon, The Sorcerer (honorary Leaguer)

Other Known Justice Leaguers:
The HuntressBlack OrchidCaptain MarvelSupergirlGreen FuryPlastic ManAtomGreen Arrow

SuperFriends Founding Members:
SupermanBatmanWonder WomanAquaman
HawkmanSamuraiGreen LanternFlashBlack Vulcan

Other Known SuperFriends Members:
HawkgirlApache ChiefEl DoradoRima

Junior SuperFriends:
RobinCyborgFirestorm
ZanJayna
Marvin WhiteWendy Harris

Mascots:
GleekWonder Dog


Notes

  • J'onn J'onzz first appears in Detective Comics, #225 (November, 1955).[36]
  • He was created by writer Joseph Samachson and artist Joe Certa.


Trivia

  • In his earliest appearances, the Martian Manhunter resembled a normal human, albeit with green skin. He was drawn with standard human eyes and eyebrows. In later years however, creators decided to give J'onn a more alien appearance and provided him with the more modernized beetle-brow look.
  • In some of his earliest adventures, the Manhunter possessed the ability to see into the near future.[37] However, there have been scant examples of this, and it is no longer a power that he possesses in modern continuity. By his own account, the Martian Manhunter cannot perceive the future.
  • A 1964 editorial shake-up resulted in J'onn J'onzz's ouster from Detective Comics in favor of a Flash supporting character, the Elongated Man. The Martian was transferred to House of Mystery, which had hitherto carried only non-series sci-fi/fantasy stories. He started in the 143rd issue (June, 1964).[38]
  • After over eight years in comics, he finally held down a lead feature, appearing regularly on the cover all by himself. Apparently, tho, he wasn't working all that well there, as within a year the non-series stories started occasionally pre-empting him.[39]
  • In #156 (January, 1966), the every-issue cover spot, along with the lead position inside, was taken over by a new series, "Dial H for Hero", and J'onn J'onzz was right back where he started — back pages, no covers, but this time it was in a comic that came out only eight times a year instead of 12. And then, he lost even that. With its 174th issue (May, 1967), House of Mystery was converted back to non-series stories, leaving "Dial H" out in the cold and J'onn J'onzz with only his Justice League membership keeping him in the public eye.[40]


Appearances in Other Media

In Martian Form

John Jones


References

  1. Someone provided his voice in the Super Powers cartoons, but I don't yet know who.
  2. This was not the only time an attempt at communication turned into teleportation in DC comics — that's also how Adam Strange got to the planet Rann.
  3. As revealed in Detective Comics, #225 (November, 1955), which can be found at the DC Database. The Martian’s origin is retold in Justice League of America, #144 (July, 1977).
  4. As revealed in Detective Comics, #225 (November, 1955) and Detective Comics, #322 (December 1963).
  5. As revealed in Detective Comics, #236 (October 1956), which can be found at the DC Database.
  6. See Detective Comics #264/3 (February 1959) for how the Manhunter saved earth by acting in the shadows.
  7. This date is revealed in Justice League of America, #144 (July, 1977).
  8. The above adventure is revealed in Justice League of America, #144 (July, 1977).
  9. As revealed in Detective Comics, #273/3 (November, 1959), which can be found at the DC Database.
  10. As revealed in Justice League of America, #9 (February, 1962).
  11. As revealed in Detective Comics, #326 (April 1964), which can be found at the DC Database.
  12. As revealed in Justice League of America, #71 (May, 1969).
  13. As quoted by Superman in the SuperFriends Comic Book (1976-1981) issue: Limited Collectors' Edition #C-41 (December 1975 / January 1976).
  14. As revealed in World's Finest, #245 (June/July 1977).
  15. As revealed in Justice League of America, #177 (April, 1980).
  16. The powers and weaknesses listed are based on the common abilities of Martians first demonstrated by J'onn J'onzz. The references listed are based on J'onzz as depicted in the Earth-One and New Earth continuities.
  17. citation needed
  18. As revealed in Detective Comics, #225 (November, 1955)
  19. As revealed in DC Comics Encyclopedia: Updated and Expanded
  20. As revealed in Who's Who: Update '88 #2 (September, 1988)
  21. As revealed in DC Comics Encyclopedia: Updated and Expanded
  22. As revealed in Detective Comics, #225 (November, 1955); #227 (January, 1956); and #228 (February, 1956)
  23. As revealed in Martian Manhunter, #4 (August, 1988)
  24. As revealed in Detective Comics, #225 (December, 1955)
  25. As revealed in Detective Comics, #225 (November, 1955); #227 (January, 1956), and #228 (February, 1956) which can be found at the DC Database.
  26. As revealed in Detective Comics, #226 (December, 1955), which can be found at the DC Database.
  27. As revealed in Detective Comics, #225 (November, 1955)
  28. As revealed in Detective Comics, #225 (November, 1955)
  29. As revealed in Detective Comics, #225 (November, 1955)
  30. As revealed in Detective Comics, #225 (November, 1955)
  31. As revealed in Detective Comics, #225 (November, 1955)
  32. As revealed in Detective Comics, #225 (November, 1955)
  33. As revealed in Who's Who: The Definitive Directory of the DC Universe, #14 (April, 1986).
  34. As revealed in Detective Comics, #225 (November, 1955)
  35. Go to the DC Database for more on Justice League of America, #61 (March 1968).
  36. Go to the DC Database for more on Detective Comics, #225 (November, 1955).
  37. As revealed in Detective Comics, #226 (December, 1955).
  38. From J'onn J'onzz, Manhunter from Mars at Don Markstein's Toonopedia.
  39. From J'onn J'onzz, Manhunter from Mars at Don Markstein's Toonopedia.
  40. From J'onn J'onzz, Manhunter from Mars at Don Markstein's Toonopedia.