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Justice League of America

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Super Friends
[[{{{Video}}}|Orientation Video]]
Sfchallengeteam
Official Name
Leader
Headquarters
Purpose
Guardians of the Universe
Origin
Unknown
First Appearance
Season
Original JL Lineup

The Original Expanded Justice League Lineup.
Picture is from SF Comic Book, Limited Collectors' Edition #C-41 (Jan. 76').

In the Earth-1A universe, a similar universe to Earth-One, there is a team of the greatest superhero's located on Earth called the Justice League (JL or JLA). Together they protect the Interplanetary Federation as well as the entire universe.

The League was founded in order to accomplish this goal:

To fight injustice, to right that which is wrong, and to serve all mankind.

SuperFriends, Narrator


Formation of the Justice League of America

Justice League of America (FOUNDERS)

The Founding Members

Much of the back-story concerning the formation of the Justice League of America is the same as in the parallel universe of Earth-One;[1] with the exception of the date of formation. Instead of the date being 1960, it was late 1968.

Originally, these heroes operated solely within their own respective territories. With the exception of their super-powered adversaries, they rarely interacted with other heroes.[2][3][4]

The initial Justice League lineup was also the same as the Earth-One universe. It included seven of the Leagues most prominent members: Aquaman, Flash, Green Lantern, Martian Manhunter, Wonder Woman, Superman and Batman.

JL3

From Left to Right: Aquaman, Flash, Superman, Atom, Hawkman and Green Lantern

Over the next two years Hawkman, Green Arrow, Zatanna, the Atom, Black Canary and several others were added to the roster.[5]

At that time, the Justice League operated from a secret cave, located outside of the small town of Happy Harbor, Rhode Island.

After a year of being a team (1969), the JLA entered a volunteering program to help train young people to become superheroes. Teenager Snapper Carr was the first teenage member or more specifically he was the first Junior Justice League Member.

In 1971, the Martian Manhunter had left Earth when Mars became desolate to help his people search for a new world.


Formation of the SuperFriends

JLA formation

The formation of the SuperFriends

JLA Super Powers commercial

Justice League of America[6]

In late 1971, shortly after the Martian Manhunter had left Earth, a group of the Leaguers gathered together and decide to call themselves Superfriends.[7] Because as Superman stated, "the best way for us to combat crime and be prepared for world-wide emergencies is to work together. From now on, we'll be the SuperFriends."[8] The founding members of the Justice League's Superfriends organization consisted of Aquaman, Batman, Robin, Superman, Wonder Woman, Hawkman, the Flash, Green Lantern, Black Vulcan and Samurai.[9] This is another significant departure from the parallel universe of Earth-One.

The name stuck for years, and over time, the name Superfriends was used to describe all members of the Justice League of America. It was not long before their volunteer organization expanded and they added Marvin White and Wendy Harris, to the Junior SuperFriends.

In 1985, they changed their name again and went by the name "The Super Powers Team."[10]

Known SuperFriends Members

Apachie Chief 1.1
Aquaman1.1
Atom 1.1
Batman1.1
Blackcanary1.1
Black Vulcan1.1
El Dorado 1.1
Apache Chief Aquaman Atom Batman Black Canary Black Vulcan El Dorado
Elongatedman1.1
Flash 1.1
Green Arrow 1.1
Green Lantern 1.1
Hawkgirl 1.1
Hawkman 1.1
Jonzz-Headshot
Elongated Man Flash Green Arrow Green Lantern Hawkgirl Hawkman Martian Manhunter
Plasticman 1.1
Red Tornado 1.1
Rima 1.1
Samurai 1.1
Superman 1.1
Wonder Woman 1.1
Plastic Man Red Tornado Rima Samurai Superman Wonder Woman


Junior SuperFriends Members

The Junior SuperFriends were young heroes that the other older heroes that were considered full time members would train to be superheroes.
Snapper Carr-HS
Snapper Carr


Although Robin is seen training the Wonder Twins on occasion, he is still considered a junior member. Both he and Firestorm were considered Jr. Super heroes in The Case of the Shrinking Superfriends
Robin 1.1
Firestorm 1.1
Cyborg 1.1
Robin Firestorm Cyborg
Marvin 1.1
Wendy 1.1
Wonder Dog 1.1
Marvin White Wendy Harris Wonder Dog
Zan 1.1
Jayna 1.1
Gleek 1.1
Zan Jayna Gleek

Headquarters

Hall of Justice5

Initially their headquarters was the Secret Sanctuary located in the caverns of Mount Justice in Happy Harbor, Rhode Island. Eventually, with the help of billionaire Bruce Wayne, they were able to establish a suitable headquarters.

The Justice League eventually moved into a satellite above the Earth.[11]

The Justice League also made use of an earth-base, the Hall of Justice, located in Gotham City, but later relocated to Metropolis.[12] The Hall was equipped with an advanced communications network and "Trouble Alert" system. They maintained a relationship with important government officials such as Colonel Wilcox, who often alerted the Super Friends to various global threats, including alien invasions. At first, the Hall was not their primary headquarters, and it only served as a place to train young men and women learning to be superheroes. And the Justice League Satellite continued on as the League's official headquarters.[13] Over time though, the Hall becomes their main headquarters.[14]

Gathered together from the cosmic reaches of the universe – here in this great Hall of Justice - are the most powerful forces of good ever assembled.

SuperFriends, Narrator


Equipment

JLA team

Hawkman, Robin, Atom, Batman, Captain Marvel, Black Canary, Flash and Green Lantern.[15]

Vehicles

Notes

  • Having successfully re-introduced a number of their Golden Age superhero characters (Flash, Green Lantern, etc.) during the late 1950s, DC Comics asked writer Gardner Fox to re-introduce the Justice Society of America.[16] Fox, influenced by the popularity of the National Football League and Major League Baseball, decided to change the name of the team from Justice Society to Justice League.[17]
  • The Justice League of America first appeared in The Brave and the Bold vol. 1, #28 (1960)[18]
  • Sometime in the late 60s or early 70s, Gardner Fox wanted to showcase an even more child-friendly version of the Justice League, hence the SuperFriends were born. The reason that the show was called Superfriends, rather than the Justice League of America was due to the fact that the show was coming out during the Post-Vienam War and a name like Justice League of America seemed to patriotic. Nevertheless the team is still referred to as the JLA, even though it didn't make the title.[?]
  • The SuperFriends turned out to be the longest-running version of the Justice League, which ran in various incarnations from 1973 to 1985.


External Links

See the Justice League of America at Wikipedia.org


Appearances in Other Media

SmallvilleJLA Justice
League
The Justice League is Oliver Queen's (Green Arrow's) team of heroes which was founded to stop Lex Luthor and his 33.1 project(s). They have since neutralized many LuthorCorp facilities around the world, stopping LuthorCorp's testing on innocent people. The team was temporarily disbanded in 2008, after LuthorCorp discovered the secret identities of Aquaman and Black Canary. After a short hiatus the team was reformed. The founding members of this Justice League are: Green Arrow, Aquaman, Impulse and Cyborg. Its expanded team includes: Black Canary, Watchtower (Chloe Sullivan), Dr. Emil Hamilton, Martian Manhunter and the reluctant Boy Scout (Clark Kent).

This JLA is based on the Smallville TV series (2001-??) as seen on the CW.
- For more on this Justice League see article at Smallville Wiki
JlAfounding Justice
League
The Justice League was founded after the Imperium invasion by the seven heroes who responded to the crisis. The team was reformed after the Thanagarian invasion, and would be reformed once again into the Justice League Unlimited prior to 2040. The team was originally headquartered in the Watchtower. The founding members of this Justice League are: J'onn J'onzz, Hawkgirl, John Stewart, Wonder Woman, Flash, Superman, and Batman.

This JLA is based on the Justice League and Justice League Unlimited animated series that was produced for the Cartoon Network from 2001-2006
- For more on this Justice League see article at DCAU Wiki


References

  1. Since E. Nelson Bridwell did his best to tie in the SuperFriends universe with Earth-One, it became necessary to find this continuity.
  2. As depicted in the Filmation series: The New Adventures of Superman (1966-1970)
  3. As depicted in the Filmation series: The Superman/Aquaman Hour of Adventure (1967-1968)
  4. As depicted in the Filmation series: The Batman/Superman Hour (1968-1969)
  5. As seen in the Filmation series: The Superman/Aquaman Hour of Adventure (1967-1968). For a complete list of original line-up, see roster of superheroes in the SuperFriends Comic Book, Limited Collectors' Edition #C-41 (January 1976).
  6. As seen in a Super Powers commercial.
  7. In the first issue of the SuperFriends comic book, E. Nelson Bridwell makes it very clear that the SuperFriends are sort of a volunteer organization, under the umbrella of the Justice League of America.
  8. As quoted in the Season 3 episode: History of Doom.
  9. The formation of team and members depicted in History of Doom.
  10. As revealed in the Season 6 (1985) episode, The Seeds of Doom.
  11. As depicted in Justice League of America, Vol. 1 #78 (February, 1970) found at the DC Database
  12. As established in Super Friends # 1. The All-New Super Friends Hour episode The Brain Machine then establishes the location as being Metropolis, implying their was a move.
  13. This was stated in Super Friends # 1. Robin states that the Hall of Justice is not the headquarters of the Justice League, and the Justice League Satellite is. The Hall's purpose at this time is strictly for training purposes.
  14. This is established both in episodes of the animated series and later issues of the comic book. It's clear that this must mean that the comics are supposed to be set between Season 1 and Season 2.
  15. This image is artwork by Alex Toth during the early production of the live action specials.
  16. Go to the DC Database for more on the Justice Society of America
  17. "League was a stronger word, one that the readers could identify with because of baseball leagues"
  18. Go to the DC Database for more on The Brave and the Bold vol. 1, #28 (March, 1960).

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